Description of our teaching, along with audio links.
Introduction to Messianic teaching
Chavurah Shalom's Introduction to Messianic teaching: Go back with us to your Hebrew roots and heritage to hear how they relate to your everyday walk with the Lord. "Messianic 101" lessons are a series of teaching that explains in detail the tenants of Messianic faith. As you listen to the various lesson's you'll hear us use the Hebrew form of many words along with the English translation.
Teaching on the Torah
Torah, which means "instruction", begins with the first book of the Bible, Genesis. The Hebrew word is B'reisheet, which sounds like your saying "Bear-a-sheet". The four other books are: Exodus (Sh'mot) - sounds like "She-moat", Leviticus (Vayikra) - sounds like "Vi-eek-ra", Numbers (B'midbar) - sounds like "Ba-mid-bar" and, Deuteronomy (D'varim) - sounds like "Dev-a-reem". Torah, are the books of instruction on how to live in covenant relationship with God. God gave the words to Moses, who in turn gave them to the "mixed multitude" at Mt. Sinai. Gods instructions were written in the Torah by Moses. Further explanation of the beauty and depth of Torah would fill many books. We invite you to join us and other believers all over the world as we study God's Word together.
Teaching on the Prophets - Nevi'im
Prophets, the term "prophets" in the Torah stems from the Hebrew word "nabi" meaning a person who serves as an instrument of communication between people and God and vice versa. The Former Prophets in the Hebrew Scripture recorded the life of the nation in the light of the covenant. They are Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings. The Latter Prophets are identified as Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and the 12 Minor Prophets. The Minor Prophets are so called due to their relatively short length. They were the ones calling Israel back to Covenant Faithfulness.
In the Former Prophets the word is used as the preferred title for people who were considered legitimate communication links between people and God as a means for God to communicate with and reach out to his people in a perceivable manner, in Hebrew, "tongue". Where in the Latter Prophets, the term is used less frequently and often refers to "prophetic figures" as narrators of visions.
In this current teaching collection of the prophetic books are Joshua (Y'hoshua), Isaiah (Yesha'yahu), Ezekiel (Yechezk'el), Hosea (Hoshea), Amos (Amos), Jonah (Yonah), Zechariah (Z'kharyah), and Malachi (Mal'akhi).
Teaching on the Writings
The term "writings" stem from the Hebrew word "Ketuvim" which encompass all the remaining books in the Tenach which includes the Five Scrolls or Megillot, that are read at the Festivals. The Five Scrolls are Ruth, Song of Songs, Qohelet (Ecclesiastes), Lamentations, and Esther. The rest of the Ketuvim includes Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles.
In this current teaching collection of the Writings are Psalms (Tehillim), Job (Iyov), Ruth (Rut), and Daniel (Dani'el).
Teaching on the Apostolic Writings
The twenty-seven books of the apostolic writings were written in the first century A.D. The first four books are commonly referred to as the Gospels which is the "good news" of Yeshua's first coming. The Gospels are followed by Acts (Acts of the Apostles) giving us the history of the early Messianic Community (that was the early church) from about 30 A.D. to 65 A.D.
The rest of the apostolic writings are made up of the letters and the final book of the Torah, "Revelation". The first thirteen letters are attributed to Rabbi Sha'ul (Paul) of which the first nine deal with issues of behavior and belief in Messianic Congregation in Rome, Greece, and Turkey. The remaining four are more pastoral in nature and are written to Timothy, Titus, and Philemon. Next is a letter to a group of Messianic Jews, otherwise known as "Hebrews", with its authorship being uncertain. Then there are the letters from James the brother of Yeshua, Peter, and John addressing general matters of faith and practice.
Finally, the book of Revelation often referred to as "The Apocalypse" which draws upon the Tanach more that any other book of the apostolic writings. This is the book that collects the prophecies of the Second Coming of Yeshua from the Tanach, which is the vision revealed to Yochanan (John).
Teaching on the Weekly Torah Portions
Portions of the Torah are read in Messianic Congregations and Jewish Synagogues every Sabbath. "For Moses from ancient generations has in every city those who preach him, since he is read in the synagogues every Sabbath
." (Acts 15:21 NASB
) In the congregation, the Torah begins with Genesis 1:1 at "Simchat Torah" (rejoicing of the Torah) in the fall, usually around October. Each week several verses/chapters are read aloud to the congregation in serial fashion over a single or three year period. Each reading is called a "parashah", which means "portion." The names of the portions are derived from a significant Hebrew word in the first sentence of that week's reading.
In Yeshua's day it was customary for both the weekly Torah (first five books) and Haftarah (the prophets and writings) portions of Scriptures to be read each Sabbath. It was common to invite a distinguished guest to participate in the Torah or Haftarah readings and make whatever comments they deemed appropriate. This was the situation in which Yeshua found himself when He visited His hometown of Nazareth, and went into the synagogue on the Sabbath, as was His custom. "And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was His custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to read.
" (Luke 4:16 NASB
) The passage He was given to read was (Isaiah 61:1-2) which is not found in the Haftarah readings of today which are based on the annual cycle. However, that passage can be found in the triennial cycle of which Chavurah Shalom has adopted.